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Different Types of Golf Shots

Several different types of golf shots are utilized by both amateur and professional players. Some of the most common types of shots include the pitch shot, the lob shot, the punch shot, the flop shot, and the bunker shot. The pitch shot is used when a player needs to get the ball onto the green with a high trajectory and minimal roll. The lob shot is similar to the pitch shot but is used when a player needs to get the ball over an obstacle. The punch shot is a low-trajectory shot used to avoid obstacles and keep the ball low to the ground.

The flop shot is used to create a high, soft landing on the green. The bunker shot is used when a player’s ball is stuck in a sand bunker. This type of shot involves hitting the sand before hitting the ball to help ensure that the ball is lifted out of the bunker and onto the green. The best players are able to execute each type of shot with precision and skill. 

How to Hit Different Types of Golf Shots?

In playing golf, the ability to hit different types of golf shots is essential for success on the course. One important factor to consider when hitting various shots is ball position. Ball position is a key element in determining the type of shot that will be executed.

For instance, when looking to hit a high fade, the ball should be positioned forward in the stance, whereas for a draw, the ball should be positioned further back. Another crucial aspect is the technique and swing used with the golf club. 

A drill that can be helpful for mastering different shots is to practice hitting balls from different positions on the fairway. Additionally, practicing shots from around the green, particularly when the ball is short of the green, can also aid in skill improvement.

Understanding the position for the next shot is important, and the ability to execute a variety of shots will ultimately elevate a golfer’s game and performance on the course. 

These Some Different Types of Golf Shots

¬†There are several different types of golf shots that a right-handed player may need to make on the course. From low fades to straight shots, each shot requires precision and skill. An indoor setup can help players practice intentionally hitting low fades or straight shots, allowing them to work on their technique and accuracy. When making these shots, it’s important for players to strategically position themselves behind the ball and visualize the shot to make the best impact on the game. The types are Below there.

Driving Off the Tee

The drive is usually the first golf shot you hit on a long hole after teeing off. Drives require using woods or drivers to produce maximum distance to put you in better position for your next one or two shots to reach the green. Mastering drive technique and several types of drives is critical for getting your round started off right.

Straight Drives

The straight drive is the most common shot hit off the tee. As the name suggests, straight drives travel straight down the expected target line you aim at. They provide accuracy and distance without sacrifising too much of either. Pay attention to club face alignment, swing tempo, and contact point for straight drives that find the fairway.

Fade and Draw Drives

Sometimes straight isn’t right if there are hazards, bunkers or tight doglegs on the hole. Shaping your drives right or left can put you in a better position off the tee. A fade drive moves gently right to left in the air for a right handed golfer before landing softer. Hit slightly inward across the ball to impart counter-clockwise side spin. Draw drives bend softly left to right by swinging outward more for added clockwise spin.

High and Low Trajectory Drives

The elevation angle of your drives also impacts distance and where they roll out. Teeing the ball higher and striking slightly upward produces high trajectory drives that maximize carry distance but run out less after landing. Lower tee heights and downward strike angles create lower drives with more rollout upon landing instead. Consider elevation and wind conditions when choosing drive trajectories.

Approach Shots to the Green

Once within 100-250 yards, golfers typically use mid to short irons for approach shots to get on or near the putting green. Distance control is vital for approach shot success to set up makable putts. Shot shaping may be required depending on green contours, pin locations and hazards guarding greens.

Simple Approach Shot

For straightforward looks at pins surrounded by few obstacles, simple approach shots work nicely. Select whatever club matches the distance, aim straight for your target, then execute a basic full swing or 3/4 swing depending on carry needed. This might utilize wedges within 100 yards, mid irons from 150-170 yards, and longer irons further out.

Draws and Fades

Shaping approach shots similarly works when needing to bend the ball right or left onto certain green sections. Impart draw or fade spin as you would off the tee. Curving approach shots allows accessing difficult pins sites not in direct line with your angle to that green area.

High and Low Trajectory Approaches

Varying trajectory helps you control how softly or aggressively approach shots land and roll upon reaching greens. Consider factors like firmness and hazards fronting putting surfaces when choosing air time. Fluffy greens in calm winds welcome very high flop wedge shots that basically drop vertically with little forward run out. Fast greens or water hazards instead may dictate lower punch shots that skip and stop quickly after landing.

Trouble Shots and Escaping Hazards

Wayward tee shots and approach shots missing greens inevitably send balls into hazards like bunkers, water and woods. Savvy golfers expand their shot versatility for these trouble situations to save strokes. Learn recovery techniques like splashes, explosvies and punches to get back in play after finding hazards.

Greenside Bunker Splash Shot

Greenside bunkers require opening your clubface greatly for splash shots that explode the ball almost straight up out of sand. Swing a bit steeper down with clubface extremely open to make crispy contact an inch or so behind balls. Followthrough remains aimed targetwards after the ball rockets up at first before running towards the flag if executed properly.

Fairway Bunker Explosion Shot

Escaping longer fairway bunkers needs added carry and ball speed from explosion shots. Still open the clubface but make flatter, more aggressive downward blows to blast through sand instead of upwards. The explosion imparted also produces overspin to aid carry distance so you clear the bunker into safer grass lies beyond.

Punch Shot From Heavy Rough/Woods

When golf balls plug into thick grass or woods, players employ punch shots. Instead of a sweeping swing, punches make very steep, abbreviated downward blows to gouge balls out. Keeping clubface square prevents twisting and extracts shots onto safer lies. This works similarly to opening clubface and presents less risk of advancing deeper into woods or rough.

Chipping and Pitching Around Greens

Consistently getting up and down for pars requires deft short game touch with a variety of chip vs pitch and putt shots around greens. Vary technique based on distance, lies and contour between your ball and the hole. Uphill and downhill putts also demand adjustments to overcome gravity.

Low Running Chip Shots

Tight lies just off greens call for low running chip shots that skim overground with minimal air. Minimize back and wrist breaks, instead “chasing” balls out along turf. The objective becomes entering and exiting impact low to keep shots beneath wind gusts for control. Let your club’s sole smoothly glide beneath balls.

High Lofted Lob Shots

Opposite deep rough or shots requiring carry over hazards to shortened greens need lofted lob presentations. Carry and clear obstacles comes from opening club face for added loft. Crisply striking down produces ball backspin too, breaking forward motion upon landing softly. Lob shots act more like longer putts once afloat, covering more air distance.

Downhill/Uphill Putting Adjustments

Putting across any significant slope alters proper technique. Downhill putts require less forceful strokes and aiming left as gravity accelerates balls towards holes. Slow, smooth tempo prevents racing past. Uphill putts conversely need firmly rolled strokes hit slightly right to offset the slope slowing balls. Green reading, aim point and force all vary on inclines.


What are the shots in golf called?

The main shots in golf are called the drive, approach shot, chip, pitch, bunker shot, punch shot, flop shot, putt, lag putt, and specialty shots that include hooks, slices, fades and draws.

How many types of golf swings are there?

The three main types of golf swings are the full swing, half swing/three-quarter swing, and putting stroke. The full swing is used for longer shots with woods, drivers, and long irons. The half and three-quarter swings are used for shorter shots with mid irons, wedges and to control distance better on shorter holes. The putting stroke is used when putting on the green with the putter.

How many shots are there in golf?

While there are many nuances and specialty type shots in golf, there are considered to be eight main shots that encompass the basics – the drive, approach shot, chip, pitch, bunker shot, punch shot, flop shot and putt. However, hitting various trajectories, curves, punches and splashes expand the range of shot types used.

In Closing

As you can see, skilled golf means handling drives, approach shots, trouble shots, recovery shots, chips, pitches, and putts in every round. Course layouts and conditions constantly vary lie types, required shot shapes, distances and contour. Develop confidence hitting fades vs draws, high or low drives. Vary approach shot trajectories to match pin positions and hazards. Escaping bunkers or woods needs splash shots and punch shots respectively. Chip vs pitch and putt based on position and slope. Mastering even half these golf shots represents huge progress lowering scores for amateurs.

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